What Timber Was Used For Railway Sleepers?

How long do hardwood sleepers last?

As a rule, hardwood oak sleepers tend to last the longest naturally with an expected lifespan of around 100 years.

An untreated softwood will last for between three and five years if it sits on the ground, whilst treated softwoods can last between 20 and 30 years if they are maintained correctly..

Do old railway sleepers have asbestos?

Used railway sleepers contain asbestos Even though asbestos train brake linings were phased out in the mid 1980’s, many old sleepers pre-date this time. Microscopic fibres from the asbestos brake linings can become trapped in cracks on the surface of timber sleepers.

What do railway sleepers do?

Railway sleepers, or railroad ties as they are known in the US, are a somewhat unglamorous component of the rail industry. But these blocks, which are laid horizontally underneath tracks to hold rail lines in place at the correct gauge, form the backbone of rail travel.

Why railway tracks are laid on wooden sleepers?

Railway tracks are laid on large sized wooden sleepers so that the thrust due to the weight of train is spread over large area . This reduces the pressure on the ground which would prevent the yielding of the ground.

Can you lay railway sleepers on soil?

The most important thing is that the railway sleepers are laid on a surface that is level and firm. Perfectionists and Engineers will do this on a foundation of concrete, but more mortal people will often simply use gravel or hardcore or sand or even the soil itself if it is solid.

Can I use railway sleepers as a retaining wall?

Wooden sleepers are an excellent alternative to bricks or concrete for building retaining walls in your garden. … Garden sleepers can be used both horizontally and vertically when building a retaining wall. Using sleepers horizontally is more common when constructing a low level wall.

How do you fix railway sleepers to the ground?

Cut your sleepers to your required length, which could be random for a rustic look. Then mix up some lean mortar, such as 6:1, to be used as a concrete base and haunching. Place at least a 50mm bed of concrete in the bottom of the trench and start inserting the sleepers, haunching them up as you go.

Are old railway sleepers dangerous?

Wooden railway sleepers, or crossties, soaked in creosote are used in railway tracks across Europe. … Creosote has been used as a wood preservative for many years and contains toxic chemical compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Some of these are a danger to human health as they are carcinogenic.

How heavy is a wooden railway sleeper?

Wooden sleepers are also comparatively cheap, as well as light and easy to transport, install and maintain. The average timber sleeper weighs around 160lb-250lb, whereas an equivalent sleeper made of concrete could weigh anything up to 800lb.

What is the best treatment for railway sleepers?

Repair any holes, gaps or uneven surfaces with a suitable exterior wood filler and treat all sound, good wood with an exterior wood preservative. To preserve the sleepers further, we would recommend treating them with an exterior wood oil or decking oil, ideally twice a year in Spring and Autumn.

Are railway sleepers hardwood?

Hardwood Railway Sleepers. Hardwood railway sleepers are an excellent investment – they’re robust, durable, and extremely versatile. Being hardwood these sleepers have the inherent properties of durability and offer a maintenance-free alternative to our softwood treated ones.

What wood are railway sleepers made of in Australia?

Our sleepers are generally cut from Ironbark timber, a quality Australian hardwood.

Why are iron nails of railway tracks fixed over wide wooden or concrete sleepers?

Iron rails are fixed over wide wooden or concrete sleepers to reduce pressure received from the train by increasing the area of contact, because if surface area increases pressure decreases and vice-versa, they also transfer the loads to the ground underneath.

Why are railway tracks laid on large sized concrete sleepers?

we have seen that the railway tracks are laid down on the large sized concrete sleepers because as the concrete sleeper has very large size and that large size helps to reduce the pressure on the ground. As large surface area reduce the pressure and the small surface area increase the pressure.

How do you stop railway sleepers from rotting?

Like all wood, sleepers will eventually rot and fade when exposed to the weather. To prevent them falling to bits before their time, you need to use a good wood preserver.

How do you keep landscape timbers from rotting?

Your hardwood sleeper retaining wall will get wet outside and you can still prevent rot by providing a way for the wet wood to dry out. This is possible if you make sure the landscape timber is not into direct contact with the ground or masonry.

How heavy is a 2.4 m sleeper?

SpecificationsTypeGarden Landscaping SleeperLength2400mm (2.4m)MaterialSoftwoodFinishTreatedWeight28kg3 more rows