Question: What Are The 5 Different Types Of Stars?

What are the 7 types of stars?

There are seven main types of stars.

In order of decreasing temperature, O, B, A, F, G, K, and M..

What are the types of star?

Scientists classify stars by temperature and the elements they absorb, which are called their spectra. They have divided stars into seven main types. There are seven main types of stars: O, B, A, F, G, K and M. The O stars are the bright, hot, blue stars and the M stars are the dimmer, cooler, red stars.

What type of star is most common?

Red dwarfsRed dwarfs are by far the most common type of star in the Milky Way, at least in the neighborhood of the Sun, but because of their low luminosity, individual red dwarfs cannot be easily observed.

What are the types of stars from smallest to largest?

Star SizesWhite Dwarf. White dwarfs are the smallest type stars, with a similar size to earth, and with extreme mass. … Brown Dwarf. Brown dwarfs are strange altogether. … Red Dwarf. Red dwarfs are one of the most common stars in the Milky Way galaxy. … Yellow Dwarf. … Orange Giant. … Red Giant. … Blue Supergiant. … Red Hypergiant.More items…

What color is the hottest star?

blueThe hottest stars tend to appear blue or blue-white, whereas the coolest stars are red.

Which star has the shortest lifespan?

The most massive stars have the shortest lifetimes. Because they have most fuel, they burn it so prodigously that their lifetimes are very short. A stars time on the main sequence varies from a few million to 2×1011. As we will see later, the way in which a star evolves depends on its mass.

What is the difference between a star and a sun?

A star is called a “sun” if it is the center of a planetary system. A large number of planets have been found that orbit other stars, thus making these stars officially “suns.” Chances are that a large percentage of the stars in the galaxy also have planets orbiting them, which would make them suns as well.

What is the closest star to Earth?

Alpha CentauriThe closest star to Earth are three stars in the Alpha Centauri system. The two main stars are Alpha Centauri A and Alpha Centauri B, which form a binary pair. They are an average of 4.3 light-years from Earth. The third star is Proxima Centauri.

What is the brightest thing in the universe?

Although quasars appear faint when viewed from Earth, they are visible from extreme distances, being the most luminous objects in the known universe. The brightest quasar in the sky is 3C 273 in the constellation of Virgo.

Is Sirius bigger than the sun?

Sirius A is about twice as massive as the Sun ( M ☉) and has an absolute visual magnitude of +1.42. It is 25 times more luminous than the Sun but has a significantly lower luminosity than other bright stars such as Canopus or Rigel. The system is between 200 and 300 million years old.

What is the brightest star?

Sirius: Brightest Star in Earth’s Night Sky. Sirius, also known as the Dog Star or Sirius A, is the brightest star in Earth’s night sky. The name means “glowing” in Greek — a fitting description, as only a few planets, the full moon and the International Space Station outshine this star.

What is the largest star in the universe?

The largest known star in the universe is UY Scuti, a hypergiant with a radius around 1,700 times larger than the sun.